; also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
It is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million as of 2011.
Michael's Church at Mahim (1534), The Portuguese also built several fortifications around the city like the Bombay Castle, Castella de Aguada (Castelo da Aguada or Bandra Fort), and Madh Fort.
Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development.
During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement.
1877 in Paris): "Etymologists have wrongly derived this name from the Portuguese Bōa Bahia, or (French: "bonne bai", English: "good bay"), not knowing that the tutelar goddess of this island has been, from remote antiquity, Bomba, or Mamba Dévi, and that she still..., possesses a temple".
This came at the insistence of the Marathi nationalist Shiv Sena party, which had just won the Maharashtra state elections, and mirrored similar name changes across the country and particularly in Maharashtra.
The territories were later surrendered on 25 October 1535.